Health and nutrition: UNICEF assists the Government of Pakistan (GoP) to promote and strengthen equity-based health service delivery for every child and woman. An integrated package of quality health and nutrition services is being developed especially for the most disadvantaged and marginalised communities. UNICEF focuses on treating acutely malnourished children and pregnant and lactating women by providing therapeutic foods and messaging around child feeding practices. Activities are undertaken to combat chronic malnutrition and stunting. Expanded programme on immunization: UNICEF works to provide safe, efficient and cost-effective vaccinations to every child. We focus on reducing inequities in immunization access and increasing vaccination coverage, and increasing acceptance of and demand for immunization services. Polio eradication: UNICEF supports the GoP’s Polio Eradication Initiative for better program accountability, management, oversight and support with the establishment of national and provincial Emergency Operations Centres. UNICEF is committed to vaccinate consistently missed children in high risk areas to ensure that missed, zero-dose children are reduced to zero. Education: UNICEF works to ensure that out of school children are enrolled. It supports policy development, institutional and system building and reforms through the development and implementation of Education Sector Plans, strengthening governance and accountability mechanisms and capacity building to realise the universal right of education for every child. It promotes quality education for girls. Improved learning environments, disaster risk management and children affected by inequalities are key areas of work. Child protection: UNICEF strengthens the protective environment for children across the four priority areas of: policy and legislative reform; institutional capacity strengthening; social and cultural behaviour change; and emergency preparedness and response. It supports establishment and revision of appropriate legislative frameworks on child-related laws and policies in conjunction with the Convention on the Rights of the Child and other relevant international standards. “End Violence Against Children” has been launched to promote change in social and cultural practices and innovative measures are being adapted to support birth registration. Water, hygiene and sanitation: UNICEF is helping children and families access safe drinking water and improved sanitation in urban and rural areas. By March 2016, nearly 1.4 million more people will have access to improved sanitation from the Pakistan Approach to Total Sanitation programme implemented in 11 districts. Over 8 million people live in open defecation free villages as a result of UNICEF’s efforts in the last five years. Humanitarian services: UNICEF continues to respond to humanitarian emergencies, both natural and conflict-related, supporting activities related to all its programme areas.